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Punjab

History :-
Punjab does mean - five (Punj) rivers (ab). This word originates from the Persian languages holding its same meaning in Punjabi, the native language of this land. After the geographic recognition of Punjab for more than 3,000 years it has been divided three times. Ironically, these divisions took place in our Civilized Times, in the last 50 years, after the second world war had crushed all the 'tyrants.' The independence of India in 1947 was conditioned on the partition of "This Land." A large part of "The Punjab" and its Capital Lahore went to Pakistan, as what is its "Province of Punjab," while the "State of Punjab" remained in India without a Capital. On 15th April of the following year (1948) portions of its Hill Districts were given the identity of Himachal Pradesh on the basis of their different local language. Thus, for almost 3000 years "Punjab" was in the oldest and greatest civilizations of the world. Its evolution was influenced by the best of many races. Many religions Sikhism, Buddhism, Hinduism and certain Muslim beliefs evolved and prospered here. This diverse ethnic and religious culture is reflected in today's Punjab.

Punjab Cities:-
» Amritsar » Bhatinda » Chandigarh » Patiala
» Jalandhar » Ludhiana        


Punjab at a Glance :-
General Information

Area

50,362 sq km

Population

20,282,000

Languages

Hindi, Punjabi and English

Season

October to March



Culture :-
Punjab is India's most vibrant state embodying the spirit of a land which was once nourished by five rivers and which has seen the trials and tribulations of an India that is today at the crossroads of history. Punjab is more than a state; it embodies the robust spirit and joi-de-vivre of a people with a tremendous zest for life against all odds.

Region :-
Punjab, a region covering Eastern Pakistan & Northern India, and bordered by 5 rivers, has a long history and strong cultural heritage. This region played an important part in the history of South Asia and acted as a center of many movements of culture, commerce, and people in Asia.

Punjab state in northwestern India, is bordered on the north by Jammu and Kashmėr state and Himachal Pradesh state, on the east and south by Haryana state, on the south and southwest by Rajasthan state, and on the west by Pakistan. Punjab covers an area of 50,362 sq km (19,445 sq mi). Punjab state lies between the great systems of the Indus and Ganges rivers. Most of the state is an alluvial plain, irrigated by canals; Punjab's arid southern border edges on the Thar, or Great Indian, Desert. The Shiwalik Range rises sharply in the north of the state.

Punjab state lies between the great systems of the Indus and Ganges rivers. Most of the state is an alluvial plain, irrigated by canals; Punjab's arid southern border edges on the Thar, or Great Indian, Desert. The Siwalik Range rises sharply in the north of the state. Punjab's area consists of an alluvial plain formed by the southward-flowing Indus River and its four major tributaries in Pakistan, the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, and Sutlej rivers. The general slope of the land is from northeast to southwest, but it rises in the areas between rivers. The alluvial plain has a diversity of landforms: its active floodplains are flooded every rainy season and contain changing river channels, while meander floodplains lying adjacent to the active floodplain are marked by relict and abandoned channels. In the northern parts of the province are the Murree and Rawalpindi and the Pabbi hills, part of the Sub-Himalayas, and in the far north is the Potwar Plateau.

Festival :-
Basant Panchami
Being the famous seasonal fair heralds the advent of spring. Yellow mustard flowers all around create an aura of romantic vive infecting the spirit of the Punjabis. Deeply merged in heart and soul with the Nature, every Punjabi expresses his gratitude with dance and songs.

Baisakhi
The Punjabis always look forward to celebrate it. Baisakhi has a special accent as the down of the New Year so also the time where the harvest is gathered in. It is the symbol of prosperity reminding the great aggregation heritage of Punjab where the famous Bhangara & Gidda are danced. As a mark of respect and devotion many of the fairs in Punjab are also celebrated near the tombs and shrines of Pirs, Saints and Sages. Such fairs are Chhapar fair, Jarag fair and Roshni fair etc.

Chhapar Fair
The fair is celebrated near the shrine 'Gugge di Marhi' of Gugga Pir on Anand Chaudus, the 14th day of bright half of the month of Bhadon. Gugga Pir was a Chauhan Rajput who believed to have come down to earth directly with his steed and never returned. The Pir possessed special power over all kinds of Snakes. On his day of the fair, the villagers scoop the earth seven times by invoking Gugga Pir to protect them against Snakes. The fair lasts for three days with fun, music and dance.

Jarag Fair
The Jarag fair of village Pail in the month of chet (March-April) is celebrated in the honour of Goddess Seetla. The fair is otherwise known as Baheria fair. In the Puja sweet gurgulas i.e. jaggery cakes are offered to the goddess and thereafter to the donkey who is her favourite. All the devotees of Seetla gather near the pond and scoop the earth and raise a small hillock, which is treated as the shrine of the Goddess, and offer Puja. The attraction of the fair is the colourfully dressed donkeys of the plotters.

Roshni Fair
The Roshni fair held in Jagranvan from 14th to 16th day of Phagun honours Abdul Kader Jalani the Muslim Pir. Celebrated by both Hindus and Muslims, lighted earthen lamps are offered near the tomb of the Pir making the light visible from long distances. The fair gets its colour with the Bolian and dances of the village's to the tune of the flute and Toomba.

Climate in Punjab :-
The climate of the plains is excessively hot and dry between April and August, with temperatures as high as 49° C (120° F). The rains of the monsoon season begin at the end of June. Winters are cool with some frosts. Annual rainfall ranges from about 915 mm (about 36 in) in the north to 102 mm (4 in) in the south. The average temperature in January is 13° C (55° F), although at night the temperature sometimes lowers to freezing. In June the average temperature is 34° C (93° F), occasionally climbing as high as 45° C (113° F). Annual average rainfall ranges from 1250 mm (49 in) in the north to 350 mm (14 in) in the southwest. More than 70 percent of the annual rainfall occurs during the monsoon season from July to September.