North India Travel Home

Jammu & Kashmir

Introduction :-
Jammu :-
Tucked away in the foothills of the Himalayas, with the picturesque river Tawi flowing alongside stands the land that Raja Jambu Lochan discovered one day while he was hunting. Legend has it that he suddenly came upon a clearing where he saw a sight that left him speechless. A tiger and a goat stood side by side drinking water from the same place in the Tawi River. He was so struck by this unusual sight that he decided to build a city on this soil where no-living creature seemed to bear enmity towards each other.

Today, as if in testimony, the city of Jammu is popularly known as the "City of Temples". Innumerable temples and shrines with glittering "Shikaras" soar into the sky, like caretakers of the city, creating the ambience of a truly holy city.

Jammu & Kashmir Cities:-
» Drass » Gulmarg » Pahalgam » Jammu
» Srinagar » Ladakh        


Kashmir :-
Set like a jewelled crown on the map of India, Kashmir is a many faceteddiamond, changing character with the seasons - always extravagantly beautiful.Three Himalayan ranges, Karakoram, Zanaskar and Pir Panjal - snow capped,majestic, frame the landscape from northwest to northeast. They are the birthplace of great rivers which flow through the kashmir valley.RajTaringini the chronology of the Kashmir Kings written by Kalhana eulogises the beauty of Kashmir as follows:"Kasmira Parvati Paroksh; Tat Swami ch Maheswara". Meaning Kashmir is as beautiful as Goddess Parvati manifest; and its owner is Lord Shiva Himself" And the Mughal Emperor exclaimed "Gar Bar-ru-e-Zamin Ast ; Hamin Ast ,Hamin Ast Hamin Asto. Meaning if there is paradise on this earth : This is it, this is it, this is it.

Jammu & Kashmir at a Glance :-

Area

:

2,22,236 sq km

Capital : Srinagar
Population : 9,535,000
Languages : Urdu, Kashmiri, Hindi, Dogri, Pahari, Ladhaki
Shimla : 120 kms
Kasauli : 77 kms


Climate :-
Jammu and Kashmir comprises of three distinct climatic regions with vast variance due to a sharp rise of altitude from 1,000 feet to 28,250 feet above sea level within four degrees of latitude of the state. The state is geologically constituted of rocks varying from the oldest period of earth's history to the youngest present day river and lake deposits.

Jammu
The Jammu region experiences a tropical climate.
Rainfall: 107 cm (July to September).
Best Season: October to April.

Temperatures (Average)
Summer : 43.0 degree C to 23.4degrees C.
Winter : 26.2 to 4.3 degrees C.
Clothing : Heavy/Medium woolens in winter and light cottons in summer.

Kashmir
The mountainous tracts of the Himalayan mountains, the youngest mountain ranges in the world have temperate climatic conditions. The climate varies from alpine in the northeast to subtropical in the southwest. Annual average precipitation ranges from 3 inches (75 mm) in the north to 45 inches (1,150 mm) in the southwest.

Best Season : March to October.
Temperatures (Average)
Summer : 10 to 30 degrees cent.
Winter : Low temperatures in winter.
Clothing : Light/Medium woollens in summer and heavy woollens in winter.

Ladakh
One of the driest regions in northern India, the capital Leh experiences only 110 mm of rainfall a year. Because of its location to the north east of the main Himalayan range, it is sheltered from the Indian monsoon.

Padum is subject to occasional heavy storms in July and August and heavy snowfall in winter. Leh on the lee side of the Himalayan and Zanskar range is devoid of snowfall in winter.

Best Season : March to October.
Temperature (Average) :
Summer : 20 degrees C.
Winter : 15 degrees C to -3 degrees C.
Clothing : Light/Medium woollens in summer and heavy woollens in winter.