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Harayana

Introduction :-
The state of Harayana was home to the legendary Bharata dynasty, which gave the name Bharat to India. Kurukshetra, the scene of the epic battle between the Kauravas and the Pandavas, is situated in Harayana. Harayana was made in to a full fledged state on 1st November 1966 from the Hindi - speaking regions of Punjab state. The state is located to the southeast of Punjab state. Chandigarh is the capital of both Harayana and Punjab states. Most of the population is engaged in agriculture, yielding grain, sugar, oilseeds, and cotton.

History :-
Harayana has a proud history, dating back to the Vedic age. Historically, Harayana goes back to Mahabharat times, for it was here, at Kurukshetra, that the war was fought. On the Mahabharata war battlefield, Lord Krishna preached his divine message the Bhagavad-Gita Gita, to Arjuna.

Harayana Cities:-
» Ambala » Bhiwani » Chandigarh » Faridabad
» Panipat » Gurgaon » Kurukshetra    


Harayana at a Glance :-
General Information

Area

44,212 sq km

Capital

20,282,000

Air Port

Chandigarh

Main Languages

Hindi & Punjabi



The People :-
Harayanvis are simple, straight-forward, enterprising and hard-working people. Preserving their old religious and social traditions, they celebrate festivals with traditional fervor. The region has its popular folklores, folksongs and musical instruments. The women are devoted and diligent and assist their men-folk on the farms. The people have simple food habits. They are known for their love for cattle and the abundance of milk and curd in their diet. Harayana's Highways are replete with landscaped gardens, shops and hotels that prove to be weekend getaways for people of Delhi and neighbouring states. Of late, Harayanvis have also acquired a taste for weekend outings.

Occupation :-
Essentially an agricultural state, Harayana also has a few industries that produce tractors, bicycles and sanitaryware. Panipat is the main textile centre where cotton fabrics and carpets are produced. For tourists, the state has created a number of parks and lakes that add charm to the overall green scenery. Chandigarh is the shared capital of Punjab and Harayana, the main language is Punjabi, Hindi.

Climate :-
Climatically, the state has three major seasons. Hot weather ( April to June) when the mercury shoots up to as high as 110oF. Rainy season is from July to September. The average annual rainfall ranges between 96 cms in the sub-mountain region and 58 cms in the plains. Winter months are October to March when the temperature dips to as low as 40oF. October to March is the best season to visit.

Harayana has a network of 43 tourist complexes, named after birds. These have been set up along the national/state highways and at districts, towns and at places around Delhi. Some of the tourist complexes in Harayana are Badhkal Lake, Dabchik, Jungle Babbler, Karna Lake, Kala teetar, Kingfisher, Parakeet, Magpie, Rajhans, Skylark, Sohna, Surajkund and Yadvindra Gardensat Pinjore. The internationally famous Surajkund Crafts Mela is held every year in the month of February, to promote Indian arts and handicrafts. The 'Mango Festival' and the 'Kurukshetra Festival' have also become popular annual events.